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22 Jobs You Can Do With a Biology Degree

Knowing what you can do with a Biology degree is an important step in finding a career. Check out this list of 22 jobs you can do with a degree in Biology.

A biology degree can open up a lot of doors for you, both in terms of the types of jobs you’re qualified for and the industries you can work in.

“A lot of people think of biology as just a science degree, but it’s so much more than that,” says Sarah James, a career coach. “Biology is the study of life, so it covers everything from the smallest microorganisms to the largest ecosystems. It’s a very versatile degree that can be applied to a lot of different fields.”

So what can you do with a biology degree? The possibilities are endless, but here are just a few of the many career paths you can pursue.

Biochemist

Biochemists study the chemical substances and processes that occur in living organisms. They use their knowledge to develop new drugs and therapies, to understand the effects of environmental toxins on humans and other organisms, and to study the molecular basis of disease.

A career in biochemistry is a great choice for biology majors who want to combine their knowledge of living organisms with their interest in chemistry. Biochemists use their skills in both disciplines to conduct research that advances our understanding of the natural world and improves our ability to treat disease.

Biochemists typically need a Ph.D. to work in independent research positions. However, many jobs in the field are available to those with a bachelor’s degree, including positions in government and industry laboratories. With further education and training, biology majors can also become medical doctors, pharmacists, or veterinarians.

Biophysicist

Biophysicists use their knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of living things to understand how biological systems work. They conduct research on topics such as cell development, aging, heredity, and growth. Biophysicists often use mathematical models and computer simulations to study complex biological processes.

A career as a biophysicist is a great choice for biology majors who want to use their knowledge to understand how living things work on a fundamental level. Biophysicists get to use their analytical and problem-solving skills to conduct research and develop theories about how biological systems work. They also get to use their skills in math and computer science to develop models and simulations.

Botanist

Botanists study plants—from the smallest algae to the tallest trees. They may study how plants grow in different environments, the effects of pollution on plant life, the genetic makeup of plants, or the medicinal properties of plants. Botanists conduct fieldwork and laboratory research, prepare reports and scientific papers, and may give talks to the public about their findings.

A career in botany is a great choice for biology majors who are interested in plants and want to conduct research to learn more about them. Botanists get to work in a variety of settings, from laboratories to greenhouses to outdoor field sites. They also have the opportunity to work in many different countries, as plants are found all over the world.

Cell biologist

Cell biologists study the structure, function, and behavior of cells. This can include research on how cells interact with their environment, how they develop and grow, how they reproduce, and how they die. Cell biologists use a variety of techniques, including microscopy, biochemistry, and molecular biology, to study cells.

Cell biologists typically need a PhD to work in this field, although some entry-level jobs may be available for those with a bachelor’s degree. Cell biologists typically work in research laboratories, where they conduct experiments and analyze data. They may also work in academic settings, teaching and conducting research.

Cell biologists play an important role in understanding how cells work and how they can be used to treat diseases. They also contribute to the development of new technologies, such as cell-based therapies and diagnostic tools.

Conservation scientist

Conservation scientists develop plans to use, improve, and protect natural resources, including land, water, and forests. They work with landowners, farmers, developers, and others to find ways to conserve and improve these resources.

This is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of the natural world to help protect it. You’ll need to be able to communicate effectively with a variety of people, as you’ll be working with landowners, farmers, developers, and others to find ways to conserve and improve natural resources. You’ll also need to be able to think critically and solve problems, as you’ll be developing plans to use, improve, and protect natural resources.

To become a conservation scientist, you’ll need at least a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. You may also need to obtain a state-issued license or certification.

Ecologist

Ecologists study the interactions between living organisms and their environment. They work to understand how these interactions affect the distribution and abundance of species, the health of ecosystems, and the flow of energy and matter through them. Ecologists use their knowledge to address environmental problems and to develop conservation and management plans.

A career in ecology is a great choice for biology majors who are interested in the environment and want to help protect it. Ecologists use their scientific knowledge to solve real-world problems and make a difference in the world. They also have the opportunity to work outdoors, in a variety of settings, and with a variety of people.

Epidemiologist

Epidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans. They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research, community education, and health policy.

Epidemiologists typically have a bachelor’s degree in a science-related field, such as biology, and many have a master’s degree or doctorate in epidemiology or a related field. Some epidemiologists also have medical or nursing degrees.

Epidemiology is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of the human body and disease to improve public health. You will get to design and conduct research studies, analyze data, and develop recommendations based on your findings. You will also have the opportunity to educate others about disease prevention and health promotion.

Fisheries biologist

Fisheries biologists conduct research on fish populations in order to develop conservation and management plans. They collect data on fish abundance, distribution, age, growth, and reproductive status. They also study the effects of environmental factors, such as water quality and habitat loss, on fish populations. In addition, fisheries biologists develop plans to stock fish in lakes and rivers.

Fisheries biologists need at least a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. However, many research positions require a master’s degree or higher.

This is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of biology and ecology to help conserve and manage fish populations. You will also get to conduct research in the field and in laboratories.

Forensic scientist

Forensic scientists analyze evidence from crime scenes to help solve crimes. They use their knowledge of biology and chemistry to identify, collect, and analyze evidence. They might examine blood, hair, fingerprints, or other samples to identify the type of evidence and its possible origins. Forensic scientists might also use DNA analysis to identify a suspect or victim.

Forensic science is a great career for biology majors because it combines their knowledge of science with their interest in solving crimes. Forensic scientists need to have strong analytical and problem-solving skills to be successful in their role. They also need to be able to communicate their findings to police officers, lawyers, and other stakeholders.

Genetic counselor

Genetic counselors are healthcare professionals who help people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological, and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease. They provide information and support to families who may be affected by genetic disorders or birth defects, and they also work with individuals who are at risk for these conditions.

Genetic counselors use their knowledge of biology and genetics to assess individual and family risk, interpret complex genetic test results, and provide counseling to patients. They also work with healthcare providers to coordinate patient care.

A career as a genetic counselor can be very rewarding, as you will be helping people make informed decisions about their health and the health of their families. You will also be able to use your knowledge of biology and genetics to make a difference in people’s lives.

To become a genetic counselor, you will need to earn a master’s degree in genetic counseling from an accredited program. You will also need to pass a national certification exam.

Marine biologist

Marine biologists study ocean life and the environment in which it lives. They conduct research on the effects of human activity on marine life and ecosystems, and work to develop ways to protect and conserve marine life and habitats. Marine biologists may study a specific type of marine life, such as dolphins, whales, or coral, or they may study marine ecosystems, such as kelp forests or estuaries.

Marine biologists typically need a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field, though some research positions may require a master’s degree or PhD. Marine biologists typically work in offices and laboratories, but they may also spend time in the field, conducting research on boats or in coastal areas.

Working as a marine biologist can be both exciting and challenging. You’ll have the opportunity to conduct research that can help protect marine life and habitats, and you’ll get to work with a variety of people, from other scientists to government officials to environmental advocates.

Microbiologist

Microbiologists study microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, algae, fungi, and protozoa. They use a variety of techniques to examine these organisms and their effects on humans, animals, and the environment. Microbiologists may work in laboratories, where they conduct experiments and analyze data. They may also work in the field, collecting samples and conducting research.

Microbiologists need a strong foundation in biology, as well as skills in math and computer science. They must be able to think critically and solve problems. Microbiologists typically need a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. Some microbiologists may need a graduate degree for certain positions.

Microbiologists play an important role in many industries, including healthcare, food and beverage, and environmental protection. They may work in hospitals, clinics, and research laboratories. They may also work for government agencies or private companies. Microbiologists may specialize in a particular area, such as food microbiology or medical microbiology.

Public Health Inspector

Public health inspectors, also known as environmental health officers, work to protect the public from health hazards in their environment. They inspect restaurants, food-processing plants, and other public places to ensure compliance with health and safety regulations. They also investigate complaints of health hazards, collect samples for testing, and educate the public on health and safety issues.

Public health inspectors use their knowledge of biology and other sciences to identify and assess health risks. They must be able to communicate effectively to educate the public and enforce regulations. They must also be able to work independently and have strong problem-solving skills.

If you’re interested in a career in public health, becoming a public health inspector is a great way to get started. Public health inspector roles are typically considered entry-level jobs, though having an internship or related experience can be helpful.

Neuroscience researcher

Neuroscience researchers study the nervous system and the brain. They use a variety of techniques to understand how the nervous system develops, how it functions, and how it is affected by injury or disease. Neuroscience researchers may use animal models, cell cultures, or human subjects to study the nervous system. They may also use imaging techniques, such as MRI, to study the brain.

Neuroscience researchers typically have a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. However, many research positions require a master’s degree or a PhD. Neuroscience researchers who work in academia may also be required to teach classes.

Working as a neuroscience researcher can be very rewarding. You will have the opportunity to contribute to our understanding of the nervous system and the brain. You will also have the opportunity to work with a team of other scientists and medical professionals.

Nutritionist

Nutritionists are experts in the field of food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health goal. Nutritionists may work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, schools, businesses, or private practices.

A career in nutrition is a great choice for biology majors because it combines both science and health. Nutritionists use their knowledge of biology and chemistry to understand how the body processes food and how different nutrients affect the body. They also use their knowledge of health to advise people on how to maintain a healthy weight, prevent diseases, and improve their overall health.

To become a nutritionist, you will need to earn a bachelor’s degree in nutrition or a related field. Many nutritionists also choose to earn a master’s degree or a PhD in order to further their career. Some states also require nutritionists to be licensed or certified.

Park ranger

Park rangers are responsible for the safety and maintenance of parks and other protected areas. They may patrol the area to ensure that visitors are following the rules, lead educational programs about the park’s ecosystem and history, perform maintenance and repairs, and assist with search and rescue operations.

Park rangers get to work outdoors in some of the most beautiful places in the world, and they play an important role in protecting these natural spaces. They also get to interact with the public and share their knowledge about the park’s ecosystem and history, which can be very rewarding.

A biology major can be a great fit for a park ranger job, as they will have the necessary knowledge about the park’s ecosystem and the ability to communicate this information to the public. Park rangers typically need at least a bachelor’s degree, and some positions may require additional training or certification.

Pharmacologist

Pharmacologists are scientists who study the effects of drugs and other chemicals on living organisms. They conduct research to develop new medications and to test the safety and effectiveness of existing drugs. Pharmacologists use their knowledge of biology and chemistry to understand how drugs work and to identify potential side effects.

Pharmacologists typically need a doctorate in pharmacology or a related field, such as chemistry or biology. Many pharmacologists conduct research as part of a team, so good communication and interpersonal skills are important. Pharmacologists must be able to clearly explain their findings to other scientists, doctors, and patients.

A career in pharmacology is a great option for biology majors who are interested in research and want to make a difference in people’s lives. Pharmacologists play a vital role in developing new medications and ensuring that existing drugs are safe and effective.

Physician

Physicians are responsible for diagnosing and treating patients. They use their knowledge of the human body and of diseases to help sick or injured patients. Physicians examine patients, order and interpret diagnostic tests, and prescribe medications and other treatments.

Biology majors are well suited for this career because they have a strong foundation in the sciences. They have taken courses in biology, chemistry, and physics, and have likely had some experience in a laboratory setting. Biology majors also develop strong research and critical-thinking skills, which are important in the field of medicine.

Becoming a physician requires completing a four-year undergraduate degree, followed by four years of medical school. After medical school, physicians must complete a residency, which is a three- to eight-year program that provides on-the-job training. Physicians must also be licensed in the state in which they practice.

Science writer

Science writers communicate complex scientific information to general audiences. They may write for magazines, newspapers, websites, or other publications, and may also work as freelance writers. In addition to writing articles, science writers may also be responsible for creating videos, podcasts, infographics, or other types of content.

Science writers must be able to understand and explain complex scientific concepts, and be able to communicate those concepts clearly and concisely to a non-expert audience. They must also be able to work with scientists to gather information and ensure accuracy.

Science writing is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of the subject to inform and educate others. It also allows you to use your writing skills to communicate complex information in an accessible way.

Soil and plant scientist

Soil and plant scientists conduct research on the composition and properties of soils, and the growth and development of plants. They use their findings to develop new and improved ways to grow crops, manage agricultural lands, and protect the environment.

Soil and plant scientists typically need at least a bachelor’s degree for entry-level positions. However, some research positions may require a master’s degree or doctorate.

This is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of plants and soils to improve agricultural practices and protect the environment. You’ll get to conduct research, develop new methods and technologies, and work with other scientists and farmers to make a positive impact.

Wildlife biologist

Wildlife biologists conduct research on animals and their ecosystems, and develop plans to protect them. They may study the effects of human activity on wildlife, such as pollution, deforestation, and urbanization. They also develop management plans for wildlife populations that are in decline.

Wildlife biologists need to have a strong understanding of biology and ecology. They also need to be able to communicate their findings to others, as they may need to present their research to government officials, conservation groups, or the general public.

This is a great career for biology majors because it allows you to use your knowledge of biology and ecology to help protect the environment and the animals that live in it. It is also a very rewarding career, as you can see the results of your work firsthand.

Zoologist

Zoologists are biologists who study the behavior, ecology, and evolution of animals. They conduct research on land, in air and water, in laboratories, and in the field. Zoologists use their findings to help preserve endangered species, develop new methods of pest control, and improve our understanding of the animal kingdom.

A career in zoology is a great choice for biology majors who are passionate about animals and want to help protect them. Zoologists conduct research that is essential for developing conservation strategies and for understanding the impact of human activity on animal populations. They also work closely with other biologists, ecologists, and wildlife managers to develop and implement management plans.

Zoologists typically need at least a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field, though some jobs may require a master’s degree or higher. Many zoologists also have a specialty, such as entomology (the study of insects) or herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians).

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