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Business Analyst vs. Financial Analyst: What Are the Differences?

Learn about the two careers and review some of the similarities and differences between them.

A career in business or finance can be both challenging and rewarding. Two common roles in these industries are that of a business analyst and a financial analyst. Though these positions share some similarities, there are several key differences between them.

In this article, we discuss the differences between a business analyst and a financial analyst, and we provide additional business and finance professions you may be interested in pursuing.

What is a Business Analyst?

Business Analysts are responsible for analyzing an organization’s business processes and recommending solutions to improve efficiency and effectiveness. They work with stakeholders to understand the needs of the business and then document the requirements for how those needs can be met. Business Analysts often use data modeling and analysis techniques to identify trends and issues. They may also create prototypes or process maps to help stakeholders visualize potential solutions. Once a solution is chosen, Business Analysts work with project managers to ensure it is implemented successfully.

What is a Financial Analyst?

A Financial Analyst is a professional who performs financial analysis, which is a type of work that is concerned with forecasting financial performance and managing financial risks. Financial analysts are employed in a variety of industries, including banking, insurance, accounting, and investment. They may also work for government agencies or nonprofit organizations. Financial analysts use their skills in math and economics to analyze financial data and make recommendations to their clients or employers about how to best use their money.

Business Analyst vs. Financial Analyst

Here are the main differences between a business analyst and a financial analyst.

Job Duties

Financial and business analysts share some of their job duties, but they also have other responsibilities that are specific to their professions. Business analysts conduct research to determine the needs of a company’s clients and develop strategies to improve productivity. They then present these findings to executives who decide whether to implement the changes suggested by the business analyst.

Financial analysts use the data collected by financial departments to track a company’s earnings and expenses. They analyze this information to predict future growth for the company and determine how much money it has in its budget. Financial analysts also monitor a company’s assets and recommend ways for its employees to increase efficiency.

Job Requirements

To become a business analyst, you need a bachelor’s degree in a business-related field, such as marketing, business administration or economics. After graduating, it’s helpful for them to gain experience in an administrator role, such as human resources, where they can gain practical experience in how companies function and solve problems that affect their business as a whole. Business analysts can also pursue a master’s degree or earn certifications to help them attract the attention of employers more easily.

Financial analysts have a slightly different education path, as their work often focuses on financial systems. It’s important for them to first pursue a bachelor’s degree in accounting, finance or something similar. Some employers also like financial analysts to have experience in financial analysis or investment banking. Financial analysis skills might help financial analysts develop models that departments can use to make better financial decisions. If a financial analyst wanted to move into more managerial roles, it’s also helpful for them to gain leadership experience or certifications.

Work Environment

Business analysts typically work in an office setting, but they may also travel to meet with clients and observe their operations. They often collaborate with other team members, such as designers or software engineers, to create solutions for business needs. Business analysts can also work remotely from home offices.

Financial analysts usually work in a financial institution, like a bank or brokerage firm. They spend most of their time working on reports and data analysis, so the majority of their work is done in front of a computer screen. Financial analysts may also attend meetings with investors and executives to discuss market trends and company performance.


Business analysts and financial analysts both use analytical skills to examine data and draw conclusions. They also need to be able to communicate their findings to others, whether they are presenting to a group of executives or writing a report.

Business analysts typically use their skills to help organizations improve their operations. They may use data analytics to identify inefficiencies in processes and then work with stakeholders to develop solutions. Financial analysts use their skills to provide insights about investments and help organizations make sound financial decisions. They may use data analytics to assess the performance of a company’s stock or bond and then make recommendations about whether to buy, hold or sell.

Both business analysts and financial analysts need to have strong problem-solving skills. They often need to be able to take complex data sets and break them down into manageable pieces so that they can identify trends and patterns. They also need to be able to think creatively to come up with solutions to problems.


The average salary for a business analyst is $80,401 per year, while the average salary for a financial analyst is $71,352 per year. Both of these salaries can vary depending on the industry in which you work, your level of experience and your location.


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