Job Search

Director vs. Cinematographer: What Are the Differences?

Learn about the two careers and review some of the similarities and differences between them.

A director and a cinematographer are both important positions on a film set. A director is responsible for the overall creative vision of the film, while a cinematographer is in charge of the visual elements. Both roles require a great deal of experience and skill. In this article, we discuss the similarities and differences between directors and cinematographers, and we offer advice on how to pursue a career in either field.

What is a Director?

Directors are responsible for the creative aspects of a film, television or theatre production. They work with the producers to plan the project, secure funding and hire the cast and crew. Directors collaborate with the writers to develop the story and choose the scenes, locations and wardrobe that will best bring the story to life. They also work with the cinematographer to plan the shots and lighting. On set, directors give instructions to the actors and crew and make sure the production stays on schedule. After the production is complete, directors work with the editors to choose which scenes to include in the final cut.

What is a Cinematographer?

Cinematographers are responsible for the visual look of a film or other video production. They work with the director to plan and execute the visual style of the project. Cinematographers operate cameras and other equipment to capture images according to the director’s vision. They also choose the right film or digital format for the project, as well as the right lenses and lighting to create the desired look. In addition to their technical skills, cinematographers must also have an artistic eye for composition and color.

Director vs. Cinematographer

Here are the main differences between a director and a cinematographer.

Job Duties

Cinematographers and directors share some of their job duties, such as choosing locations, selecting wardrobe and creating a shot list. However, cinematographers focus more on the technical aspects of film production, while directors concentrate on the artistic elements. This means that a director may spend most of their workday in a soundstage or studio filming actors and rehearsing dialogue.

Cinematographers often travel with the crew to different shooting locations, such as an outdoor forest or historic building. They also oversee the camera operators during each shoot and provide feedback on each take to help improve the final product.

Job Requirements

Directors and cinematographers typically need a bachelor’s degree in film, video production or another related field. Some directors also pursue a master’s degree in fine arts or filmmaking to gain more knowledge about the creative process and learn how to better manage a team of filmmakers. Many directors start their careers as assistant directors or production assistants before working their way up the ladder. Cinematographers often begin their careers as camera operators or editors before becoming a director of photography.

Work Environment

Directors and cinematographers work in different environments depending on the type of film they’re working on. Directors often work in a studio or soundstage, where they can control all aspects of production. They may also travel to locations for filming, such as outdoor areas or other places that are suitable for their movie’s setting.

Cinematographers typically work in studios or soundstages, but they also travel with the crew to various locations to capture footage. This means that they spend much of their time outdoors while shooting scenes.


Both directors and cinematographers require several similar skills to perform their jobs, such as creativity, problem-solving and artistic vision. However, their differing responsibilities result in the requirement for different skills. For example, directors often need to have strong leadership skills to manage a team of cast and crew members. They also need to be able to communicate their vision clearly and concisely to ensure everyone is working towards the same goal.

Cinematographers typically need to have strong technical skills to operate the equipment used to capture footage. They also need to have an eye for detail to ensure the shots they take are compositionally pleasing and meet the requirements set by the director.


The average salary for a director is $104,930 per year, while the average salary for a cinematographer is $64,391 per year. The salary for both positions may vary depending on the type of work you’re doing, your location and your experience level.


Osteopath vs. Chiropractor: What Are the Differences?

Back to Job Search

Police Chief vs. Sheriff: What Are the Differences?