17 Economist Interview Questions and Answers

Learn what skills and qualities interviewers are looking for from an economist, what questions you can expect, and how you should go about answering them.

Economists are responsible for studying and analyzing economic conditions and trends. They use this information to develop forecasts and provide recommendations to businesses, governments, and other organizations.

If you’re looking to enter this growing field, you’ll need to be able to answer some tough questions during your job interview. To help you get started, we’ve put together a list of common economist interview questions and answers.

Common Economist Interview Questions

Are you familiar with the use of econometrics in economic research?

Econometrics is a statistical method used to analyze economic data. Employers ask this question to see if you have experience using econometrics in your research and how well you can apply it to the job. In your answer, explain what econometrics is and why it’s important for economists to use it. If you have any personal experience with econometrics, share that information as well.

Example: “Econometrics is an important tool for economists because it allows us to make predictions about future events based on past data. I’ve used econometrics in my previous role at XYZ University where I was tasked with analyzing historical data to predict trends in consumer spending. Using econometrics allowed me to accurately predict the trend of consumers buying more organic food products.”

What are some of the most important skills for an economist to have?

This question can help the interviewer determine if you have the skills necessary to succeed in this role. Use your answer to highlight some of the most important skills for an economist and explain why they are so important.

Example: “The two most important skills for an economist are critical thinking and communication. These skills allow economists to analyze data, make predictions and communicate their findings with others. I am also highly organized, which is a skill that helps me stay on top of my work and meet deadlines. In addition, I am detail-oriented, which allows me to notice any inconsistencies or errors in my research.”

How do you stay up-to-date on current economic trends and developments?

This question can help the interviewer assess your dedication to learning about current economic trends and developments. Your answer should include a list of resources you use to stay informed, such as publications or websites that provide information on recent economic news.

Example: “I subscribe to several newsletters and email alerts from major financial institutions and government agencies. I also read several business publications each week to learn more about what’s happening in the economy. I find these resources very helpful for staying up-to-date on current events and developments.”

What is your process for conducting research and how do you ensure its accuracy?

This question allows you to demonstrate your research skills and how you apply them to the field of economics. Your answer should include a description of your process for conducting research, as well as an example of how you ensure its accuracy.

Example: “I use several resources to conduct my research, including government data, economic reports and surveys. I also subscribe to multiple publications that provide valuable insight into current events and trends in the economy. In addition to these resources, I regularly attend conferences and seminars where economists present their findings on various topics. These methods allow me to stay up-to-date with current events and learn from other experts.”

Provide an example of a time when you had to present your findings to a group with varying levels of economic understanding. How did you tailor your explanation to ensure everyone understood your point?

Interviewers may ask this question to assess your communication skills and ability to tailor your message to a specific audience. In your answer, try to describe the steps you took to ensure everyone in the room understood your findings.

Example: “At my previous job, I was tasked with presenting our quarterly reports to upper management. However, many of these managers had little experience with economics or financial data. To help them understand my report, I started by explaining what an economist does and how we collect and analyze data. Then, I used simple language to explain each finding from my report.”

If you had to choose one economic topic to research for the rest of your career, what would it be and why?

This question is a great way to see how passionate you are about your field of study. It also allows the interviewer to get an idea of what kind of research you’ve done in the past and what topics you’re most interested in. When answering this question, it can be helpful to mention a specific topic that you find interesting or one that you feel would benefit society the most.

Example: “If I had to choose just one economic topic to research for the rest of my career, I think I’d pick consumer behavior. This is because I find it fascinating how people make purchasing decisions and why they do so. Understanding these behaviors can help businesses create more effective marketing strategies and improve their sales.”

What would you say is your greatest strength as an economist and why?

This question is an opportunity to highlight your skills and abilities as they relate to the position you’re applying for. When answering this question, it can be helpful to think about what you enjoy most about being an economist.

Example: “My greatest strength as an economist is my ability to communicate complex information in a way that’s easy to understand. I’ve had many opportunities throughout my career to explain economic theories and data to laypeople, including during public speaking engagements and interviews with media outlets. This has helped me develop my communication skills and learn how to tailor my language to different audiences.”

How well do you work under pressure and meet deadlines?

An interviewer may ask this question to learn more about your time management skills and how you handle stress. Since economists often work under tight deadlines, employers want to make sure that candidates can meet these expectations. In your answer, explain how you manage your time effectively and describe a situation in which you met a deadline successfully.

Example: “I am very organized when it comes to managing my time, so I rarely have issues meeting deadlines. However, there was one occasion where I had to complete an important project by the end of the day but didn’t receive all the necessary information until late in the afternoon. I quickly pulled up my notes and began working on the report as fast as possible. Although I didn’t finish until after hours, I still submitted the report before leaving for the day.”

Do you have experience working with large data sets? What is the largest data set you’ve worked with and what was your process for analyzing it?

The interviewer may ask you this question to assess your ability to work with large data sets and how you approach analyzing them. Use examples from previous experience in which you worked with a large data set, the challenges you faced and how you overcame those challenges.

Example: “In my last role as an economist for a national bank, I was tasked with creating reports that analyzed the economic health of each state within the country. This process required me to analyze thousands of pieces of data on everything from unemployment rates to consumer spending habits. To manage this task effectively, I created a system where I could sort through the data by state and then further sort it by county. This allowed me to create more specific reports that helped our team make better decisions about the economy.”

When analyzing economic data, what is your process for determining causation versus correlation?

This question is a great way to test your critical thinking skills and ability to analyze data. When answering this question, it can be helpful to provide an example of how you would determine causation versus correlation in the workplace.

Example: “When determining causation versus correlation, I first look at the time series graphs for each variable. If there’s a clear relationship between two variables over time, then I’ll use regression analysis to see if one variable causes changes in another. For instance, when analyzing economic data, I may find that inflation rates are correlated with unemployment rates. However, after performing regression analysis, I may discover that while both factors are related, unemployment does not cause inflation.”

We want to hire an economist who can help shape our company’s future. What would you do if you were given free reign to create an economic forecast for our company?

This question is a great way to see how an economist thinks and what they value. It also shows the interviewer that you have the ability to think creatively and independently, which are both important skills for this role. In your answer, try to show that you can be innovative and creative while still being able to work within a team.

Example: “I would first look at the company’s current financial situation. I would then use my knowledge of economic trends to predict where the company will be in five years based on its current trajectory. I would also consider any external factors that could affect the company’s future, such as changes in government policy or natural disasters. If I was given free reign to create a forecast, I would want to make sure it was accurate enough to help the company plan for the future.”

Describe your process for collaborating with other economists on a project.

An interviewer may ask this question to learn more about your interpersonal skills and how you work with others. To answer, think of a time when you collaborated on a project with other economists. Explain what steps you took to ensure the collaboration was successful.

Example: “I find that it’s important to clearly communicate my ideas and expectations for projects I collaborate on with other economists. In my last role, I worked with two other economists who were also new to the company. We met once a week to discuss our progress and any questions we had for each other. This helped us all stay up-to-date on our individual tasks and ensured we were all working toward the same goal.”

What makes you stand out from other candidates for this position?

Employers ask this question to learn more about your qualifications and how you can contribute to their company. Before your interview, make a list of the skills and experiences that qualify you for this role. Focus on what makes you unique from other candidates and highlight any transferable skills or knowledge you have that will help you succeed in this position.

Example: “I am an economics major who has excelled in my studies. I also have three internships under my belt, which gives me valuable experience working with professionals in the field. My internship at a local bank taught me how to use financial software to analyze data and interpret information. This skill is something I think sets me apart from other applicants.”

Which economic theories do you most identify with and why?

This question is a great way to show your knowledge of economic theories and how they apply to the real world. It also allows you to explain why you believe in these theories, which can be an important factor when it comes to making decisions as an economist. When answering this question, make sure to include specific details about each theory that you identify with and provide examples of how it has helped you understand the economy.

Example: “I most identify with Keynesian economics because I think it’s one of the best ways to predict future trends in the economy. In my last role, I used Keynesian economics to help forecast consumer spending patterns and determine what types of products would sell well during different seasons. This information was then used by marketing teams to create effective ad campaigns.”

What do you think is the most important aspect of economics to focus on in the next decade?

This question is a great way to show your knowledge of the field and how you can contribute to it. Your answer should include an example of something that’s currently important in economics, why it’s important and what you think will be most important in the next decade.

Example: “I believe the most important aspect of economics to focus on in the next decade is the relationship between technology and economic growth. Technology has been growing at such a rapid pace for years now, but we haven’t seen much of an increase in GDP or other measures of economic growth. I think this is because there are still many ways technology can improve our economy. For instance, if more people had access to online education, they could learn new skills and get better jobs.”

How often do you update your knowledge of economics to maintain your understanding of current trends?

This question can help the interviewer determine how committed you are to your career and whether you’re likely to stay with their company for a long time. Your answer should show that you have a passion for learning about economics and staying up-to-date on current trends.

Example: “I try to read at least one article or book per week, but I also subscribe to several newsletters and online publications so I can learn more about what’s happening in the world of economics. I also attend conferences and seminars to hear from experts in the field. I find these methods to be very helpful when it comes to my understanding of economic trends.”

There is a disagreement in the economic community about how to best address a current economic issue. How do you handle this?

An interviewer may ask this question to assess your ability to work with others and collaborate on projects. Use your answer to highlight your communication skills, problem-solving abilities and willingness to compromise.

Example: “I would first try to understand the different perspectives of my colleagues. I believe that it’s important to listen to all sides before making a decision. If there is still disagreement after listening to everyone, I would suggest we hold a meeting where we discuss our opinions in more detail. This can help us find common ground and develop solutions that address everyone’s concerns.”


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