Career Development

What Does an Emt Do?

Learn more about what it takes to succeed as an EMT, the skills you'll need to become one, and what you can expect on the job.

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are the frontline responders to emergency situations. They provide pre-hospital care and transport patients who are in critical condition or otherwise unable to receive care at a hospital.

EMTs work closely with paramedics, but they have less training and education than their counterparts. EMTs primarily focus on providing basic life support while paramedics can perform more advanced procedures such as administering drugs and performing CPR.

Emt Job Duties

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) have a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Operating ambulance equipment such as resuscitators, oxygen tanks, and cardiac monitors
  • Preparing patients for treatment or transport, recording vital statistics, and administering medications as directed by a physician
  • Providing emergency medical care such as administering CPR or using an automated external defibrillator (AED) to treat cardiac arrest
  • Transporting patients to medical facilities by ambulance or helicopter as needed
  • Operating an ambulance, following a predetermined route to transport patients from one location to another
  • Recording information about each patient’s condition and treatment in an electronic medical record (EMR)
  • Preparing reports on accidents or incidents involving vehicles such as fire trucks or ambulances
  • Responding to emergency calls regarding fires, medical emergencies, natural disasters, traffic accidents, or other life-threatening situations
  • Training new EMS providers in procedures and protocols

Emt Salary & Outlook

Emergency medical technicians’ salaries vary depending on their level of education and experience, the company size and geographic location.

  • Median Annual Salary: $37,500 ($18.03/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $71,500 ($34.38/hour)

The employment of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) is expected to grow faster than average over the next decade.

As the large baby-boom population ages, more people are expected to have medical emergencies. In addition, an increase in the number of accidents and natural disasters is projected to lead to an increase in the need for EMTs.

Emt Job Requirements

Emergency medical technicians typically need to have the following qualifications:

Education: Most employers require an emergency medical technician (EMT) to have a high school diploma or GED certificate. Some employers may require an EMT to have a post-secondary certificate.

Training & Experience: Most EMTs receive their training through their educational programs. Some EMTs also receive on-the-job training, which may last a few weeks to a month. During this time, they learn the specific protocols and procedures of the company.

Certifications & Licenses: In addition to the required certifications, emt’s may choose to acquire additional certifications to increase their qualifications or further their education.

Emt Skills

Emergency medical technicians need the following skills in order to be successful:

Communication: Communication is the act of conveying information to others. As an emergency medical technician, you must be able to communicate effectively with patients, other emergency personnel and hospital staff. You must also be able to communicate with patients in a way that is easy to understand and that puts them at ease.

Attention to detail: Emt responders need to have excellent attention to detail to ensure they follow protocols correctly and accurately. Attention to detail is also important when assessing patients to ensure they receive the proper treatment. Attention to detail can also help you notice any changes in a patient’s condition and react accordingly.

Physical stamina: Physical stamina refers to the ability to work for long periods of time without rest. Emergency medical technicians often work long shifts, sometimes up to 12 hours, and they need to be able to work at a fast pace for the entire time.

Problem-solving: Emt skills in problem-solving allow you to assess a situation and determine the best course of action. This can include identifying the cause of an emergency and finding a solution to it. For example, if a patient is having a heart attack, you can use your problem-solving skills to assess the situation and determine the best way to treat the patient.

First aid: First aid is the ability to provide emergency treatment to someone who is injured or ill. This is an important skill for emergency responders to have, as it can help save lives. Emt’s are required to have a certain level of first aid training, which can vary by state.

Emt Work Environment

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private ambulance services, and fire departments. They may be assigned to a specific area, such as a particular hospital or clinic, or they may be on call to respond to emergencies anywhere in their jurisdiction. They may work alone or with a partner. The work is often demanding and can be dangerous. EMTs and paramedics must be able to think and act quickly in emergencies and be able to lift and carry patients who may be large and heavy.

Emt Trends

Here are three trends influencing how EMTs work. EMTs will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

The Need for More Specialized Training

The need for more specialized training is a trend that is being seen in many industries, including the medical field. As technology advances, there is an increasing demand for professionals who have specific skills and expertise.

EMTs are no exception to this trend, as they will need to be able to provide more specialized care to patients. This means that they will need to be trained in specific areas, such as trauma care or emergency medicine. In addition, they will need to be familiar with the latest technologies and treatments in order to provide the best possible care.

More Collaboration Between EMS and Other Healthcare Professionals

EMS professionals are increasingly collaborating with other healthcare professionals in order to provide better patient care. This trend is due to the fact that EMS professionals are often the first responders to medical emergencies, and can play a key role in helping to stabilize patients before they are transferred to a hospital.

As a result of this trend, EMS professionals will need to be able to work effectively with other members of the healthcare team, such as nurses and doctors. They will also need to be able to communicate effectively with patients and their families in order to provide them with the information they need.

Improved Communication Between Patients and Providers

The trend of improved communication between patients and providers is having a major impact on the EMS industry. With the rise of social media and online review sites, patients are now able to share their experiences with a much wider audience than ever before.

This has led to increased scrutiny of EMS providers, who are now being judged based on their customer service as well as the quality of their care. In order to stay competitive, EMS providers will need to focus on improving their communication skills and providing excellent customer service.

How to Become an EMT

Emergency medical technicians have a lot of options for their career path. They can specialize in different areas, such as trauma or critical care, or they can become paramedics and work in a variety of settings, including ambulances, hospitals, and clinics.

EMTs also have the option of going back to school to become nurses. This is a great way to expand their knowledge and skills and help more people.


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