Career Development

What Does an HVAC Engineer Do?

Find out what an HVAC engineer does, how to get this job, and what it takes to succeed as an HVAC engineer.

HVAC engineers are responsible for designing, installing and maintaining heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. They work with a wide range of clients, from individual homeowners to large corporations.

HVAC engineers must be well-versed in the principles of HVAC design and construction. They also need to know how these systems interact with building structures and other equipment. This requires an understanding of physics, mathematics, chemistry and engineering principles.

HVAC Engineer Job Duties

HVAC engineers have a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Conducting research on new technologies in order to develop efficient designs for new HVAC systems
  • Providing technical support to other engineers within a company regarding projects or issues related to HVAC systems
  • Designing, constructing, and maintaining heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems for residential and commercial buildings
  • Analyzing building plans to determine the number of HVAC units required for each room or floor of a building
  • Evaluating customer needs and recommending appropriate solutions
  • Determining the best location for installing HVAC equipment in a building
  • Coordinating with contractors to ensure that new installations meet building codes and are completed on time
  • Working with contractors to ensure that existing HVAC systems are operating properly
  • Inspecting equipment such as chillers, boilers, air handling units, and refrigeration equipment

HVAC Engineer Salary & Outlook

HVAC engineer salaries vary depending on their level of education, years of experience, and the type of company they work for. They may also earn additional compensation in the form of bonuses.

  • Median Annual Salary: $85,000 ($40.87/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $116,500 ($56.01/hour)

The employment of HVAC engineers is expected to grow at an average rate over the next decade.

Demand for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is expected to increase as new buildings are constructed and existing buildings are updated or renovated. In addition, demand for HVAC engineers will continue to come from the automotive industry, where HVAC systems are used in cars, trucks, and SUVs.

Related: HVAC Engineer Interview Questions and Answers

HVAC Engineer Job Requirements

HVAC engineers typically need to have the following qualifications:

Education: Most employers require HVAC engineers to have a minimum of a high school diploma or GED. Some employers prefer an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in HVAC or a related field. Relevant coursework includes thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, mathematics, chemistry and physics.

Training & Experience: HVAC engineers typically receive on-the-job training in their first year of employment. This training period allows the engineer to learn the company’s specific procedures and systems. It also allows the engineer to work closely with a more experienced HVAC engineer.

Certifications & Licenses: HVAC engineers can earn several certifications that demonstrate their expertise in the field.

HVAC Engineer Skills

HVAC engineers need the following skills in order to be successful:

Technical skills: HVAC engineers use technical skills to read and interpret technical manuals, blueprints and other documents related to HVAC systems. They also use technical skills to troubleshoot and repair HVAC systems.

Communication skills: HVAC engineers communicate with clients, contractors and other engineers throughout the design and installation process of a new HVAC system. Effective communication skills can help you collaborate with others to create a successful project. You can also use communication skills to explain technical information to clients and explain the benefits of certain HVAC systems.

Problem-solving skills: HVAC engineers use their problem-solving skills to find solutions to technical issues. They also use these skills to find solutions to issues that affect the quality of the air in a building. For example, if a building’s air quality is poor, an HVAC engineer might find the source of the problem and suggest a solution to improve the air quality.

Project management skills: HVAC engineers often work on large projects that require multiple teams of specialists. Project management skills allow them to oversee the project from start to finish, ensuring that all aspects of the project are completed on time and within budget. Project management skills also allow HVAC engineers to delegate tasks to other professionals, ensuring that the project is completed efficiently.

Leadership skills: HVAC engineers often work in teams with other professionals, such as electricians, plumbers and construction managers. Leadership skills can help you to motivate and direct your team to complete projects on time and within budget.

HVAC Engineer Work Environment

HVAC engineers work in a variety of settings, including office buildings, factories, hospitals, and schools. They may also work outdoors, making site visits to assess the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) needs of a particular building or area. HVAC engineers typically work a regular 40-hour week, although they may occasionally work overtime to meet deadlines or to respond to emergencies. Some HVAC engineers travel to different job sites, while others work from home. HVAC engineers typically work in a team environment with other engineers, architects, and construction workers.

HVAC Engineer Trends

Here are three trends influencing how HVAC engineers work. HVAC engineers will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

The Need for More Technical Talent

The need for more technical talent is a trend that is being seen across all industries, as businesses are looking for ways to improve their efficiency and reduce costs.

HVAC engineers can capitalize on this trend by becoming more knowledgeable about the latest technologies and products. This will allow them to provide better service to their clients and help them save money in the long run.

More Focus on Energy Efficiency

As energy prices continue to rise, HVAC engineers will be increasingly focused on energy efficiency. This means that they will need to be familiar with new technologies and products that can help buildings use less energy.

In order to stay ahead of the competition, HVAC engineers will need to keep up with the latest developments in energy efficiency technology. They can do this by attending trade shows and conferences, reading industry publications, and networking with other professionals.

A Greater Emphasis on Green Technology

Green technology has become an increasingly important topic in recent years, as people become more aware of the environmental impact of their actions. As a result, HVAC engineers are now being asked to focus on green technology solutions that can help reduce the amount of energy used in buildings.

This trend is likely to continue into the future, as more and more people become interested in green technology solutions. HVAC engineers who are able to adapt to this trend will be in high demand, as they will be able to provide valuable services to their clients.

How to Become an HVAC Engineer

When you’re starting your HVAC engineering career, it’s important to consider the type of company you want to work for. Do you want to work for a large corporation or a small business? Do you want to work in a field office or at a central office?

It’s also important to think about what kind of projects you want to work on. Do you want to design new systems or repair existing ones? Do you want to work on commercial or residential projects? There are many different types of jobs within the HVAC industry, so take some time to explore all your options.

Advancement Prospects

HVAC engineers typically start their careers as entry-level engineers. They may be promoted to project engineer after a few years, and then to senior project engineer or project manager after several more years. With additional experience, they may advance to construction manager, operations manager, or division manager. Some eventually become vice presidents or company presidents.

Many HVAC engineers eventually move into sales, marketing, or management positions in companies that manufacture or sell HVAC equipment. Some become consultants, working for themselves or for engineering firms.

HVAC Engineer Job Description Example

At [CompanyX], we provide our clients with innovative and sustainable solutions for their heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) needs. We’re looking for an experienced HVAC engineer to join our team and help us continue to provide the highest quality products and services. The ideal candidate will have experience designing, installing, and maintaining HVAC systems, as well as a strong understanding of the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. He or she will be responsible for ensuring that our HVAC systems meet all safety and performance standards.

Duties & Responsibilities

  • Design, develop, and oversee the installation of HVAC systems for commercial and industrial buildings
  • Conduct load calculations to determine HVAC system capacity requirements
  • Develop plans and specifications for new HVAC systems, as well as modifications to existing systems
  • Select energy-efficient HVAC equipment and controls that meet or exceed building code requirements
  • Perform cost analysis to compare HVAC system options and make recommendations to clients
  • Prepare proposals for HVAC projects, including project scope, timeline, and budget
  • Manage HVAC projects from start to finish, ensuring quality control and customer satisfaction
  • Coordinate with other engineering disciplines, such as electrical and mechanical, to ensure seamless integration of HVAC systems
  • Troubleshoot HVAC problems and provide prompt resolution
  • Keep abreast of new HVAC technologies and developments through continuing education and professional development opportunities
  • Adhere to all safety codes and regulations when designing and installing HVAC systems
  • Maintain accurate records of HVAC design and installation projects

Required Skills and Qualifications

  • Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or related field
  • 5+ years experience with HVAC systems
  • Proficient in AutoCAD, Revit, and other engineering software programs
  • Strong understanding of building codes and standards
  • Ability to develop creative solutions to complex problems
  • Excellent communication, interpersonal, and project management skills

Preferred Skills and Qualifications

  • LEED accreditation
  • Professional engineering license
  • 7+ years experience with HVAC systems
  • Experience working on green building projects
  • Familiarity with energy-saving strategies for HVAC systems


What Does an Underwriting Assistant Do?

Back to Career Development

What Does a Motel Manager Do?