Career Development

What Does a Journalist Do?

Find out what a journalist does, how to get this job, and what it takes to succeed as a journalist.

Journalists are responsible for reporting on current events and issues in their local, national or international communities. They work to ensure that the public is well-informed about everything from breaking news stories to ongoing political debates.

Journalists typically begin their careers by working as an intern at a local newspaper, television station or radio station. This gives them an opportunity to gain hands-on experience while also building connections with more senior journalists who can help them find full-time employment after they graduate.

Journalist Job Duties

Journalists have a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Interviewing people involved in news stories to gather facts and information
  • Researching topics to create articles or news stories on specific topics or industries
  • Writing and editing articles that report on current events or human interest stories
  • Conducting interviews with public figures such as politicians or celebrities
  • Covering breaking news stories as they happen, such as fires, floods, or other natural disasters
  • Conducting research on specific topics related to an article topic or news event to gather facts or background information
  • Conducting investigative reporting when warranted to expose corruption or wrongdoing by individuals or organizations
  • Preparing written reports about stories as they develop over time, including notes about interviews conducted, photos taken, etc.
  • Reporting on sports scores, statistics, and other information about games and match-ups

Journalist Salary & Outlook

The salary of a journalist can vary depending on a number of factors, including their level of education, years of experience, and the type of publication they work for. Freelance journalists may also earn a different hourly rate than those who work full-time for a particular publication.

  • Median Annual Salary: $44,500 ($21.39/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $173,000 ($83.17/hour)

The employment of journalists is expected to grow at an average rate over the next decade.

Newspaper circulation and advertising revenue continue to decline, leading to layoffs across the industry. However, demand for digital content and mobile applications is expected to provide some offsetting employment growth. In addition, demand for social media content is expected to support some job growth for journalists.

Related: In-Depth Journalist Salary Guide

Journalist Job Requirements

A journalist typically needs to have the following qualifications:

Education: Most journalists have at least a bachelor’s degree. Some journalists choose to major in journalism or media studies, while others major in a different field and then take journalism courses as electives. Taking courses in writing, research, ethics and law will help journalists in their careers.

Training & Experience: Most journalists receive on-the-job training in the form of a period of employment with a media outlet. This training period allows journalists to learn the specific style and format of their employer’s content. It also allows them to learn the technical aspects of their job, such as how to use the editing software their outlet uses.

Certifications & Licenses: Certifications are not often required to become a journalist, but they can help you stand out from other candidates when applying for a new position.

Journalist Skills

Journalists need the following skills in order to be successful:

Research: Journalists often need to research topics for their stories, including finding background information, statistics and other details about a subject. This can involve searching databases, government records and other sources of information. Journalists also need to be able to interpret the information they find and use it to tell a compelling story.

Critical thinking: Critical thinking is the ability to analyze information and make decisions based on the information you have. Journalists use critical thinking skills to make informed decisions about what information to include in their stories and how to present that information. They also use critical thinking to make decisions about how to respond to sources and how to gather information.

Fact-checking: Fact-checking is the ability to verify the accuracy of information. Journalists use fact-checking skills to ensure the information they publish is accurate. This is important because publishing inaccurate information can damage a journalist’s reputation and credibility.

Interviewing: Interviewing skills are a crucial part of a journalist’s skill set. Journalists often conduct interviews with people in positions of power, such as politicians, business leaders and other public figures. They also conduct interviews with regular people to get a different perspective on a story.

Time management: Journalists often have multiple deadlines throughout the day, so time management is an important skill for them to have. They may have to meet deadlines for submitting articles, meeting with sources and attending events. Having good time management skills can help them manage their workload and complete their assignments on time.

Journalist Work Environment

Journalists usually work in an office, but they may also travel to cover stories. They may work long hours, including evenings and weekends, to meet deadlines. Some journalists work under tight deadlines, which can add to the stress of the job. Many journalists use computers to write, edit, and file their stories, and they must be proficient in using various software programs. In addition, journalists must be able to work well under pressure, be able to meet deadlines, and be able to work independently.

Journalist Trends

Here are three trends influencing how journalists work. Journalists will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

The Rise of the Digital Journalist

The digital age has led to a rise in the popularity of online journalism, which is now being read by millions of people every day. This has created a demand for digital journalists who can create content that is both engaging and easy to read on screens.

As more and more people turn to the internet for their news, digital journalists will need to be able to write quickly and effectively in order to keep up with the competition. They will also need to be familiar with new technologies that are being used to deliver content, such as video and social media.

More Focus on Data-Driven Journalism

Journalists are increasingly turning to data-driven journalism as a way to provide readers with more accurate and reliable information. By using data to back up their claims, journalists can ensure that their work is more trustworthy and credible.

This trend is especially important in an era where so much information is available online. As readers become more skeptical of what they read, they will look for journalists who use data to support their claims.

A Greater Emphasis on Ethics

As journalism becomes more complex, there is a greater emphasis on ethics among journalists. This is due to the fact that readers are becoming more discerning and are looking for reporters who they can trust.

In order to be successful in this environment, journalists need to be honest and transparent about their reporting methods. They also need to be careful not to take sides in controversial issues, as this can lead to bias in their reporting.

How to Become a Journalist

A journalist career can be both rewarding and challenging. It’s important to consider the many different aspects of this field before you make a decision about your future.

One of the most important things to think about is what type of journalism you want to pursue. There are many different specializations within journalism, including print, broadcast, online, and investigative reporting. You should also consider the size of the news organization you want to work for. Some organizations have more staff members than others, which means they offer more opportunities for advancement.

It’s also important to consider the location of the news organization you want to work for. Some cities have larger media markets than others, which means there are more jobs available in those areas.

Related: How to Write a Journalist Resume

Advancement Prospects

There are many ways to advance in a journalism career. Some journalists move up the ranks by taking on more responsibility at their current publication, such as being promoted from reporter to editor. Others may move to larger publications, which can offer more opportunities for advancement. Some journalists may also choose to freelance, which can lead to greater control over their work and schedules but may also be less stable.

Some journalists may also choose to move into related fields, such as public relations, marketing, or advertising. Others may use their journalism skills in non-traditional ways, such as writing for websites or blogs, working as an editor, or even teaching journalism.

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