Career Development

Pharmacist Job Description: Salary, Duties, & More

Pharmacists are health care professionals who dispense medications to patients under the direction of a physician. They are the link between the patient and the prescription drug.

Pharmacists are health care professionals who dispense medications to patients under the direction of a physician. They are the link between the patient and the prescription drug.

Pharmacists must complete a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy and pass a national licensing exam. Pharmacists must keep up with changes in prescription drugs and health care laws that affect the practice of pharmacy.

Pharmacists are responsible for the safe and effective use of medications. They inform patients about drug side effects and possible interactions with other medications.

Pharmacists can specialize in areas such as hospital or long-term care pharmacy, research, teaching, or clinical services.

Pharmacist Job Duties

Pharmacists are responsible for a wide range of duties:

  • Providing information to patients about prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
  • Inspecting, testing, and labeling drugs.
  • Examining drug orders to ensure that they are accurate and complete.
  • Reviewing drug records to ensure that prescriptions are filled correctly.
  • Recording the sale of each drug in an inventory log or computer system.
  • Dispensing medications to patients or instructing them on how to use the medication properly.
  • Advising patients on what drugs not to take with other drugs or foods.
  • Assisting customers with filling out medical forms for insurance companies or government agencies.

Pharmacist Salary & Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics reports that, as of May 2020, the median annual wage for pharmacists is $128,710. The lowest 10% of earners in the field make less than $85,210 per year, while the highest 10% bring home more than $164,980 annually.

Pharmacy jobs are expected to decline 3% between 2019-2029. This is due to the fact that more people are filling their prescriptions online or via mail order, which will reduce the need for retail pharmacists. However, outside of the retail environment, demand for pharmacists is expected to increase as more hospitals and clinics hire them to serve as patient advocates and to ensure that patients are receiving accurate and timely medical information.

Pharmacist Job Requirements

The following is a list of educational and training requirements for pharmacists:

Education: A doctorate of pharmacy is required to become a pharmacist. Pharmacists must complete a four-year undergraduate program and then a four-year doctor of pharmacy program.

Training: Pharmacists are required to complete training under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. In addition, pharmacists must take continuing education courses throughout their careers.

Certification: Passing the NAPLEX is required to get a license to practice.

Pharmacist Skills

Pharmacists must have the following skills:

Communication skills: Pharmacists must be able to effectively communicate with patients, doctors, and other health care professionals.

Organizational skills: Pharmacists need strong organizational skills in order to keep track of inventory and ensure that the pharmacy is fully stocked at all times.

Attention to detail: Pharmacists must pay close attention to detail when dispensing medication or counseling patients.

Good judgment: Because pharmacists are trusted with protecting the health and well-being of their patients. They should not make decisions based on emotions or personal biases but rather base them on facts and sound reasoning.

Pharmacist Work Environment

Pharmacists work in a variety of settings. Some work in a store, such as a drugstore or a supermarket. Others work in a hospital, and others in a long-term care facility. Some work in a specialty pharmacy, such as an allergy pharmacy or a compounding pharmacy.

Pharmacists’ work is often very stressful. They must be able to make quick decisions and deal with a great deal of responsibility. This job requires a great deal of attention to detail, as a small mistake can have a big impact.

Pharmacist Career Advancement

Pharmacists may advance in the profession by taking advantage of opportunities within the company. Pharmacists who are interested in management might consider taking courses in business administration or public health.

Pharmacists who work in the pharmaceutical industry might advance by becoming a drug information specialist, pharmaceutical sales representative, or a product manager. These positions are typically more specialized and require different education and experience levels. Pharmacists looking to advance should keep their eyes open for opportunities to pursue new areas of interest, or hone their skills in an area they find appealing.

Pharmacist Trends

Here are three trends influencing how Pharmacists work. Pharmacists will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

Emergence of e-Pharmacies

With the increased availability of prescription medications, consumers are looking for more convenient ways to purchase their medications. This has led to the emergence of online pharmacies, which are increasingly popular among consumers who want an easy way to fill their prescriptions without leaving home.

While many states have not yet fully legalized this practice, e-pharmacies are expected to continue to grow in popularity as more people look for ways to save time and money on their health care needs.

Increased Importance of Patient Engagement

In order to stay relevant in the modern health care system, pharmacists will need to make a stronger effort to engage with patients.

For example, many pharmacies now offer apps that allow customers to manage their prescriptions and refill prescriptions on their own schedule. In addition, a recent study found that people who use these apps tend to take fewer sick days, suggesting that pharmacists can also improve quality of life by helping customers self-manage their health care needs.

Increased Awareness of Side Effects

Pharmacists are one of the most trusted sources for information about prescription medications, and as a result, customers are becoming more aware of the side effects that accompany these drugs.

Pharmacists will need to continue educating their customers about potential risks related to their prescriptions in order to build trust and maintain customer loyalty.

How to Become a Pharmacist

1. Planning Your Career Path

If you are considering becoming a pharmacist, you should have a solid understanding of how this career will affect your lifestyle. As pharmacists work in retail and hospital settings, their hours are not limited to 9-5, Monday through Friday. This means that pharmacists must be willing to adapt to a flexible schedule in order to enjoy job satisfaction and long-term stability.

2. Writing a Resume

The most effective resumes for pharmacists highlight the applicant’s ability to understand a patient’s needs and recommend the appropriate medication. Therefore, you should include a description of your communication skills as well as any knowledge of pharmaceuticals.

In addition to describing your communication skills, you may also want to talk about how you were able to build relationships with patients and make them feel comfortable. This will help demonstrate that you are a strong team player who can be relied upon to make patients feel at ease.

3. Applying for Jobs

If you’re interested in pursuing a career as a pharmacist, you’ll want to get in touch with the pharmacy schools in your area. They often have lists of local businesses that they partner with for internships and externships. It’s always helpful to go through a training program before starting work, so the internship or externship will help you decide if this is the right career for you.

4. Ace the Interview

To be a successful pharmacist candidate, you will need to understand the regulations of the pharmacy industry. This includes knowledge of drug pricing, policies and procedures, and pharmacy law. You will also need to be knowledgeable about the types of drugs that are used to treat common ailments. If you don’t have this knowledge already, you should do some research so that you can speak intelligently about these topics during your interview.

When you are asked questions, try to use specific examples that illustrate your strengths. Be positive and friendly during the interview, but do not make promises that you cannot keep. Also, remember that eye contact is important during an interview; try not to let your eyes wander around the room when answering questions.


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