Career Development

What Does a Sterile Processing Technician Do?

Find out what a sterile processing technician does, how to get this job, and what it takes to succeed as a sterile processing technician.

Sterile processing technicians are responsible for ensuring that medical equipment and supplies are clean, sterile, and ready to use. They work in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, and other healthcare settings where sterility is critical to patient safety.

Sterile processing technicians typically spend their days preparing items for use by healthcare professionals. This may include cleaning, disinfecting, or sterilizing surgical instruments, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, and other products used during procedures or treatments.

Sterile Processing Technician Job Duties

Sterile processing technicians have a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Maintaining inventory of sterile supplies, equipment, and other items used during a procedure
  • Preparing the operating room for an upcoming procedure, including setting up instruments, equipment, and supplies according to the specific needs of the procedure
  • Sterilizing medical instruments by boiling them in sterilization machines or using gamma radiation or ethylene oxide gas to sterilize them
  • Preparing sterile solutions such as antibiotics or antiseptics that will be used during surgical procedures
  • Preparing sterile surgical equipment such as drapes, gowns, face masks, caps, needles, syringes, and towels
  • Assisting with surgery or other medical procedures by preparing equipment, sterilizing instruments, administering medications, and taking measurements before, during, and after procedures
  • Ensuring that the surgical team has access to clean, functioning equipment at all times during a procedure
  • Dressing wounds with sterile bandages and applying other dressings and materials to promote healing
  • Conducting infection control procedures such as wearing masks, scrubbing hands thoroughly with antibacterial soap, and disinfecting surfaces that may have been exposed to infectious agents

Sterile Processing Technician Salary & Outlook

Sterile processing technicians’ salaries vary depending on their level of education and experience, the company size and geographic location.

  • Median Annual Salary: $52,500 ($25.24/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $83,500 ($40.14/hour)

The employment of sterile processing technicians is expected to grow at an average rate over the next decade.

Sterile processing technicians will be needed to ensure that medical devices are safe for patients. In addition, demand for these workers will stem from the need to maintain and update equipment used in sterile processing areas.

Sterile Processing Technician Job Requirements

A sterile processing technician typically needs to have the following qualifications:

Education: Entry-level positions in this field typically require a high school diploma or GED. Some employers may prefer a minimum of an associate’s degree in a health care field.

Many employers prefer candidates who have completed a formal program in sterile processing. These programs typically take about a year to complete and include coursework in microbiology, chemistry, anatomy and physiology, and microbiological safety.

Training & Experience: Most sterile processing technicians receive on-the-job training. This training typically lasts for a few weeks and includes instruction on safety procedures, how to use sterilization equipment and how to clean and disinfect medical equipment.

Certifications & Licenses: While certifications are not required to become a sterile processing technician, they can be useful in finding a job and increasing employability.

Sterile Processing Technician Skills

Sterile processing technicians need the following skills in order to be successful:

Attention to detail: Sterile processing technicians must have excellent attention to detail to ensure they complete all tasks correctly. This can include following specific protocols for cleaning and sanitizing equipment, labeling storage containers and recording information correctly. Attention to detail can also help ensure the sterility of the products the technicians produce.

Communication skills: Sterile processing technicians communicate with their supervisors, coworkers and patients. They use verbal and written communication skills to explain procedures, answer questions and complete paperwork. They also use communication skills to work with patients and their families to ensure the patients understand their treatment and recovery process.

Computer proficiency: Sterile processing technicians use computers to enter data, track inventory and monitor production schedules. They also use computers to operate machinery and program production equipment. Computer proficiency is a necessary skill for sterile processing technicians because it allows them to complete their job duties efficiently.

Critical thinking: Critical thinking allows you to make quick decisions based on the information you have. As a sterile processing technician, you may need to make quick decisions about the condition of medical equipment and how to clean it. For example, if you notice a piece of equipment is not clean, you may need to make a decision about how to clean it. This may require you to think about the best way to clean the equipment and how to prevent the spread of germs.

Organizational skills: Sterile processing technicians must be able to organize their work space and the materials they use to ensure they complete all of their tasks in a timely manner. This can include keeping track of the supplies they use and making sure they have enough of each item. It can also mean keeping track of the products they process and making sure they are stored properly.

Sterile Processing Technician Work Environment

Sterile processing technicians work in hospitals, medical clinics, and other health care facilities. They are responsible for cleaning, disinfecting, and sterilizing surgical instruments and other medical equipment. They also assemble and maintain surgical instrument sets, and operate and maintain sterilization equipment. Sterile processing technicians typically work full time, and some may work evenings, weekends, and holidays. They may be required to work overtime to keep up with the demands of the facility in which they work. The work can be physically demanding, and sterile processing technicians must be able to lift and move heavy equipment. They also must be able to stand for long periods of time and work in a fast-paced environment.

Sterile Processing Technician Trends

Here are three trends influencing how sterile processing technicians work. Sterile processing technicians will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

The Need for More Technical Skills

The need for more technical skills is a trend that is being seen in many industries, as businesses are looking for employees who can provide more value-added services. This is especially true in the healthcare industry, where sterile processing technicians play an important role in ensuring that medical equipment is safe and ready to use.

As the need for more technical skills becomes more prevalent, sterile processing technicians will need to be able to not only perform their duties effectively, but also understand the technology behind it. This will allow them to provide better service to their customers and help them to improve their operations.

A Growing Focus on Quality Control

As the healthcare industry continues to grow, so too does the demand for sterile processing technicians. This is because these professionals are responsible for ensuring that all medical equipment is properly cleaned and prepared before it is used on patients.

As the focus on quality control increases, sterile processing technicians will be in high demand. They will need to be able to work quickly and efficiently while still maintaining the highest standards of cleanliness. In addition, they will need to be familiar with the latest safety protocols and procedures.

More Collaboration Between Healthcare Professionals

The healthcare industry is becoming increasingly complex, which is leading to an increased need for collaboration between different professionals.

This trend is particularly evident in the field of sterile processing, where technicians now need to work closely with nurses, doctors, and other members of the healthcare team. By working together, they can ensure that all medical equipment is properly cleaned and prepared before it is used on patients.

How to Become a Sterile Processing Technician

A sterile processing technician career can be a great way to start your healthcare career. As a sterile processing technician, you’ll learn how to prepare medical instruments for use in surgery and other procedures. This is an important job that ensures the safety of patients and surgeons.

To become a sterile processing technician, you’ll need to have a high school diploma or equivalent, as well as certification from a recognized organization. You’ll also need to be able to lift heavy objects and work with your hands.

Related: How to Write a Sterile Processing Technician Resume

Advancement Prospects

There are many ways to advance your career as a sterile processing technician. One way is to get more education. Many community colleges offer certification programs in sterile processing, and some offer associate’s degrees. These programs can lead to higher-paying jobs and may be required for some positions.

Another way to advance your career is to get a job in a larger hospital. Larger hospitals tend to have more opportunities for advancement than smaller ones. They also tend to pay more.

You can also advance your career by becoming certified. Certification shows that you have the knowledge and skills necessary to do your job well. There are several certification programs available, and you can usually get certified through the hospital where you work.

Finally, you can advance your career by taking on more responsibility at work. You can volunteer for committees or special projects, or you can take on a leadership role in your department. This will show your boss that you are capable of more than just your regular job duties.

Sterile Processing Technician Job Description Example

At [CompanyX], we provide quality patient care by ensuring that all of our surgical instruments are properly sterilized. We are currently seeking a Sterile Processing Technician to join our team. The ideal candidate will have prior experience working in a hospital or medical office sterilization department. He or she will be responsible for decontaminating, assembling, packaging, and sterilizing surgical instruments and equipment according to established protocols. Additionally, the Sterile Processing Technician will maintain accurate records of all sterilization procedures.

Duties & Responsibilities

  • Adhere to all safety policies and procedures while handling hazardous materials
  • Maintain a clean and organized work area
  • Inspect, sort, and test medical equipment according to established protocols
  • Assemble, wrap, and sterilize surgical instruments and trays
  • Operate autoclaves, washer-disinfectors, and other decontamination equipment
  • Prepare sterile supplies for surgery and other medical procedures
  • Restock supply cabinets and shelves
  • Keep accurate records of all sterilization activities
  • Perform quality control checks on sterilization equipment
  • Train new employees in sterile processing techniques
  • Assist with inventory management
  • Troubleshoot problems with sterilization equipment

Required Skills and Qualifications

  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Completion of an accredited sterile processing program
  • Certification as a Certified Sterile Processing Technician (CSPT)
  • Minimum one year experience working in a sterile processing department
  • Ability to lift 50 pounds
  • Flexibility to work evenings, weekends, and holidays as needed

Preferred Skills and Qualifications

  • Associate’s degree in a related field
  • Two or more years of experience working in a sterile processing department
  • Certification as a Registered Central Service Technician (RCST)
  • Leadership experience in a sterile processing department

Similar Jobs


What Does a Banquet Houseman Do?

Back to Career Development

What Does a Customer Service Coordinator Do?