Career Development

What Does a Web Developer Do?

Find out what a web developer does, how to get this job, and what it takes to succeed as a web developer.

Web developers are responsible for building and maintaining the websites we use every day. They’re tasked with creating a wide range of digital experiences, from simple informational pages to complex online stores or social media platforms.

Web development is an incredibly broad field that encompasses many different types of jobs. Some web developers focus on front-end development—building the visual elements of a website—while others specialize in back-end development—building the underlying code that powers a site’s features.

Web Developer Job Duties

Web developers typically have a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Testing new designs for usability and user experience to ensure that they are easy to use and understand
  • Designing applications, webpages, or other components using computer software such as Dreamweaver or Adobe Photoshop
  • Communicating with clients about their requirements and providing recommendations on how to meet those requirements
  • Developing software using programming languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, ASP.NET, C++, C#, or Java
  • Creating graphics for webpages and applications such as banners, buttons, icons, and logos
  • Writing code to create webpages and apps in accordance with design specifications
  • Reviewing changes made by other team members to ensure that they meet coding standards and other requirements
  • Analyzing statistics such as pageviews, bounce rates, and conversion rates to improve performance of websites
  • Debugging code to fix errors and identifying the cause of issues

Web Developer Salary & Outlook

Web developers’ salaries vary depending on their level of education, years of experience, and the type of company they work for. They may also earn additional income through freelance work or consulting fees.

  • Median Annual Salary: $82,500 ($39.66/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $145,000 ($69.71/hour)

The employment of web developers is expected to grow much faster than average over the next decade.

Demand for web developers will stem from the continued growth of e-commerce and online retail sales. Web developers will be needed to create user-friendly websites that are easy to navigate and allow customers to easily find products and information.

Web Developer Job Requirements

A web developer typically needs to have the following skills:

Education: Web developers typically need a minimum of a bachelor’s degree. Many employers prefer candidates who have a computer science degree. Courses in computer programming, software development, algorithms and data structures are helpful for aspiring web developers.

Training & Experience: Many web developers learn the specific technologies and programming languages they use on the job. However, they often receive additional training in their roles as they learn the company’s specific processes and procedures.

Certifications & Licenses: Though not required, web developers can acquire several certifications that demonstrate their expertise in different coding languages, skills and tools.

Web Developer Skills

Web developers need the following skills in order to be successful:

Coding: Coding is the process of creating and modifying computer programs. Web developers need to be able to read and write code to create websites. There are many different coding languages, so it’s important for web developers to be able to learn and understand different coding languages.

Graphic design: Web developers often create the visuals for their projects, including the website’s layout, logos and images. They may also create the website’s interface, including the buttons, forms and other interactive elements. Web developers may use software like Adobe Photoshop or Adobe InDesign to create and edit images and design elements.

Search engine optimization (SEO): Search engine optimization is the process of improving the visibility of a website in search engine results. Web developers need to understand SEO to ensure their work is visible to potential clients.

Computer programming languages: Web developers need to know at least one computer programming language, such as JavaScript, HTML or Python. They may also need to know other programming languages, such as SQL, to help them complete their job duties.

Communication: Web developers often work with other team members, including graphic designers, marketing professionals and software engineers. Effective communication is important to ensure everyone understands each other’s ideas and expectations. Web developers also communicate with clients to understand their needs and expectations.

Web Developer Work Environment

Web developers typically work in an office environment, although some telecommute or work from home. They spend the majority of their time sitting at a desk in front of a computer, coding web pages and applications. They may work long hours to meet deadlines, and they may work on weekends and evenings to complete projects. Some web developers may travel to meet with clients or to attend conferences.

Web Developer Trends

Here are three trends influencing how web developers work. Web developers will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

The Growth of Microservices

As businesses become more complex, they are starting to move towards microservices as a way to organize their operations. This trend is causing a need for web developers who are familiar with microservices and can build them from scratch.

Web developers who are able to work with microservices will be in high demand as businesses continue to adopt this organizational structure. They will need to be able to not only build microservices, but also understand how they work and how to integrate them into existing systems.

The Need for More Agile Development

As the world becomes increasingly digital, businesses are looking for ways to develop products faster and more efficiently. One way that they are doing this is by moving towards agile development methods, which involve shorter development cycles and more frequent updates.

Web developers who are able to work in an agile environment will be in high demand, as they will be able to quickly adapt to changes and produce high-quality work. Additionally, they will need to be able to communicate effectively with other members of the team in order to ensure that everyone is on the same page.

More Focus on Security

As technology has grown in importance, so too has the focus on security. This is especially true for businesses, which are now realizing the potential cost of a data breach.

Web developers can play a key role in ensuring that their company’s websites are secure. By understanding the latest vulnerabilities and how to protect against them, they can help to keep their company’s data safe.

How to Become a Web Developer

A web developer career can be a great choice for people who want to work in the tech industry. It’s important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all path to becoming a web developer. There are many different ways to learn the skills you need, including online courses, coding boot camps, and self-learning.

No matter which route you choose, it’s important to have a strong foundation in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These languages form the basis of all web development projects, so it’s essential that you understand how they work. You should also be familiar with other common web technologies, such as PHP, MySQL, and AngularJS.

Related: How to Write a Web Developer Resume

Advancement Prospects

There are many different paths that a web developer can take in terms of advancement. Some developers may choose to move into management positions, overseeing a team of developers and working with clients to ensure that their needs are met. Others may choose to specialize in a particular area of web development, such as front-end development or back-end development. Still others may choose to start their own web development business, working as freelance developers or partnering with other developers to create a full-service agency. No matter what path you choose, continuing to learn new programming languages and keeping up with the latest trends in web development will help you to advance your career.

Web Developer Job Description Example

At [CompanyX], we’re looking for an experienced web developer to join our team. The ideal candidate will have a strong background in web development, with a focus on front-end development. He or she will be responsible for creating and maintaining our website, as well as developing new features and functionality to improve the user experience. Additionally, the web developer will be responsible for ensuring our website is optimized for search engine ranking and performance. The ideal candidate will have a strong understanding of web standards, usability, and accessibility.

Duties & Responsibilities

  • Design, develop, and maintain websites, web applications, and web services using industry best practices
  • Write well-designed, testable, and efficient code by using best software development practices
  • Cooperate with web designers to match visual design intent
  • Integrate data from various back-end services and databases
  • Gather and refine specifications and requirements based on technical needs
  • Create and maintain software documentation
  • Be responsible for maintaining, expanding, and scaling our sites
  • Stay up-to-date on emerging technologies
  • Optimize applications for maximum speed and scalability
  • Design and implement reusable components and libraries
  • Troubleshoot and debug web applications
  • Perform unit and integration testing before deployment

Required Skills and Qualifications

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science, web development, or related field
  • 3+ years professional experience in web development
  • Expertise in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and MySQL
  • Working knowledge of content management systems (CMS) and eCommerce platforms
  • Proficient in Photoshop, Illustrator, or other visual design tools
  • Experience with search engine optimization (SEO) principles
  • Solid understanding of cross-browser compatibility issues and ways to work around them

Preferred Skills and Qualifications

  • Experience with Apache, Linux, and/or other web server technologies
  • Familiarity with source control management tools, such as Git or SVN
  • Knowledge of performance testing tools, such as JMeter or LoadRunner
  • Ability to create and edit videos and audio files

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