Web developers design and create websites. They’re responsible for the look and feel of a site, as well as its technical aspects, such as how quickly it loads and how easily it can be maintained.
They’re often responsible for the overall design of a site, including its graphical elements, layout, and content. They may create a site’s original visual design, or they may update an existing site’s appearance to make it more current and appealing.
These professionals must be able to work with a wide variety of people, from the CEO of a company to the graphic designer who’s creating the company logo. They must be able to work with people who don’t have a technical background, and they must be able to explain technical concepts to people who do.
Web Developer Job Duties
Web developers are responsible for a wide range of duties:
- Developing and designing websites, mobile apps, and other digital products
- Creating mockups, wireframes, diagrams, sketches or prototypes to further define requirements
- Communicating with clients who may not be familiar with web development work practices or technical terms
- Working with content management systems (CMS) such as WordPress or Drupal
- Maintaining databases and other data systems to ensure data integrity
- Planning and conducting usability tests to identify potential areas for improvement in the site or application interface
- Conduct maintenance on existing sites by adding content, removing outdated information, or updating outdated technology
- Manage website security to protect against hacking or other unauthorized access
Web Developer Salary & Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics reports that, as of May 2020, the median annual wage for web developers is $77,200. The lowest 10% of earners make less than $40,750, while the highest 10% make more than $146,430.
The amount of web developers and digital designers jobs is expected to rise 8% between 2019-2029, slightly faster than the average for all occupations. The need for these workers will be driven by the continued expansion of eCommerce and mobile devices. Many companies will need to update their websites to include mobile-friendly features and to ensure that their online presence is compatible with the latest devices.
Web Developer Job Requirements
The job will require you to have the following:
Education: A bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field is needed for most web developer positions.
Certification: Certification is not required for most web developer positions, but it can be helpful to demonstrate proficiency in specific programming languages.
Experience: A web developer needs to understand the software development process, as well as the basics of quality assurance, project management, and communications.
Training: Many employers provide on-the-job training. Online tutorials and other resources are available to help workers stay up-to-date on the latest technology.
Web Developer Skills
Web developers need to have a variety of skills, including:
Knowledge of programming languages: Developers need to know at least one programming language well. A few more are helpful, especially for complex projects.
Strong problem-solving skills: Developers solve problems every day, whether it’s an issue with the website or a bug in the code.
Creativity: Web development is creative work; you can’t just create a website that looks like all the others out there.
Leadership skills: As a developer, you may be called upon to lead a team on certain projects.
Ability to multitask: The job requires attention to detail while also keeping an eye on the big picture.
Web Developer Work Environment
Web developers work in a variety of settings, including offices, homes, and cafes. Web developers work with a variety of people, including other developers, clients, and site visitors. They may also have to deal with high workloads, tight deadlines, and intense pressure to succeed.
Web Developer Career Advancement
As web developers gain experience, they can advance to more senior roles with greater responsibility. For example, an entry-level web developer may become a Senior Web Developer or Project Manager. If you would like to advance as a web developer, you should apply yourself to learning more about your company’s operations and enhance your skillset with certifications or degrees.
Web developers who stay with the same company and learn all they can about it, rather than pursuing opportunities at different organizations, may find their loyalty rewarded with advancement opportunities.
Web Developer Trends
Here are three trends influencing how Web Developers work. Web Developers will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.
Increased Use of User Experience Design
User experience design is an increasingly important part of web development as businesses look to create sites that are intuitive and engaging for customers.
A study from the Nielsen Norman Group found that usability was ranked as the most important factor for online consumers in a recent survey. In addition, a number of tools have been developed to help web developers create sites that cater towards user needs—and can even be used during the design process.
More Responsibility in Design
The trend towards flat design is also having an impact on web development, with many developers shifting to this aesthetic style.
For example, clean lines and bright colors are classic hallmarks of flat design. The simplified aesthetic allows visitors to easily digest the information without being distracted by extraneous details. This makes it easier for the developer to present important content in a clear and engaging way.
Growing Importance of Responsive Design
Responsive design, which allows websites to be viewed across different devices, is becoming increasingly important for web developers.
This trend has been driven by the growing number of users who are accessing the internet on their mobile devices rather than desktops or laptops. This increased demand has led to increased support for responsive design and the continued development of new methods and tools for this type of development.
How to Become a Web Developer
1. Planning Your Career Path
If you are interested in web development, you’ll need to consider the wide range of sub-specialties within the field. There are different types of programming languages to learn, web technologies to familiarize yourself with, and coding standards to keep in mind.
The more you can specialize in your education and experience, the easier it will be to get a job in the areas that interest you most.
2. Writing a Resume
Since there are many different types of web developers, it’s important that you take the time to research the specific skills and responsibilities that are required for this position. You should then use these skills as the basis for your resume. For example, if you are applying for a job as a front-end developer, your resume should include all of the relevant skills and experience that would be required for this type of role.
3. Applying for Jobs
If you’re not sure how to find web developer jobs, it can be helpful to ask around for advice. If you know other developers, talk to them about what they do and how they find their jobs. Make sure you have a portfolio of your work — this will make it easier for employers to see what you’ve done. You may also want to consider joining professional organizations in your field; this way you can meet like-minded people and learn more about the industry.
4. Ace the Interview
During an interview as a web developer candidate, it is important to demonstrate your knowledge of current technologies and programming languages. Try to avoid giving simple yes or no answers to questions about specific technologies. Instead, provide examples of how you would use the technology in a real-world situation. This will help the interviewer see that you have real experience with technology and that you are not just memorizing buzzwords!
Also, be prepared for questions about your experience working in teams and any past work experiences where you had to deal with difficult people or clients. It is also important to show an interest in the company by asking insightful questions about their goals, challenges, and what they like best about working there!